GMP refers to the Good Manufacturing Practice Regulations published by the FDA under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. As a response to concerns about substandard drug manufacturing practices occurring at the time, Congress enacted the 1962 Drug Amendments. These amendments instructed the FDA to require all drugs to be made according to Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP) as defined under FDA 21 CFR Part 210-211.
The first set of Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP) regulations were published in 1963. These regulations are meant to guide companies in the production of safe and effective drugs. The regulations outlined in the GMPs are the minimum requirements necessary to ensure safe and effective products.
Trained inspectors for the FDA examine facilities around the world, including those facilities that produce the active ingredients and final products. The FDA also reviews consumer and industry complaints filed about the drug, using these reports to identify sites that could benefit from inspection.
GMP is a set of regulations that ensures the quality of drugs, medical devices, blood, and some types of food. The regulations cover manufacturing, facilities and controls for the manufacturing, processing, packaging or holding of a drug product.